land and population of Vietnam

l_u_p_1Meet Vietnam – Get to know the Vietnamese.
The country and its people convey no uniform image, but a diverse and varied picture in every respect. Hardly any clichè about the “Vietnamese” is long-lasting. The independent history of the enclave dates back to the 10th Century. It was there that the independence of the people in the then south of China began.

l_u_p_2Vietnam brings together, in more than 85 million inhabitants, 54 different ethnic recognised groups. 88% belong to the original vietnamese and are Viet or Kinh. The second largest group includes approx. 1.2 million foreign Chinese called Hoa. Amongst the many other ethnic minorities are the Thai, Khmer and Cham. Some of the minorities and mountain races differ enormously from the language and culture of the “Vietnamese” themselves.

l_u_p_33/4 of the population live in rurual areas, earning their living from agriculture. The migration to the cities is increasing like everywhere else in the world. In Vietnam most people move to the northern city of Hanoi, to Ho Chi Minh city or to the delta of the Red River and Mekong in the south.

l_u_p_4Vietnam with 5000 kilometres of all-year round navigable waterways exceeds even the length of its railway network with only 3.260 kilometres. Despite a road network of more than 200 000 kilometres in total, 10% of smaller places are cut off from the surrounding areas for one month during the rainy season.

l_u_p_5The opening up of Vietnam began gradually at the beginning of the eighties with the boom arriving in 1989, as the Vietnamese variant of Russian Perestroika, Doi Moi began to set through. Since turning away from the centrally planned economy, the hard-work of the Vietnamese is paying off for private businesses and Vietnam is becoming more and more attractive for international investments and tourism alike.